As my own scanned photo collection grows, it has really become obvious to me how thankful I am for the added attention I have been putting into the filenames I give to all of my scanned images.
When you're scanning, it’s really easy to get into a “robotic” mindset where you are just trying to scan as many photos as possible in a sitting. So when you get to that blank field each time that asks you to type in a name for the file, it's tempting to just quickly bang out a few descriptive words with little thought to how useful they will be to anyone later.
Even if you plan on only visually organizing your collection in an image manager like Picasa or iPhoto, you don't want to ignore this root level of identification. You will reference them more than you may think.
Filenames are “Descriptive Tattoos”
I would like you to think of the filename like a permanent “descriptive tattoo” that will always ride along and identify the origin and story of the image. It's kind of like those tiny rice-sized microchips veterinarians inject into dogs and cats to identify them in case they are found without a tagged collar. Or maybe you can think of it like when a baby is born. The baby's foot prints and the parent's fingerprints are immediately pressed onto an official birth certificate along with the day's date and everyone's full names to permanently record who he or she is in this big scary world.
I think it's a surprise for people when they find out scanning their entire photo collection is less about being a technical chore as it is a time of investigation and discovery. You start out digitizing photos you are familiar with. You know everything about them because not only are you in the photos, but you were there!
Soon you're scanning photos of your parents before they met you. They dated other people? Then you're on to their parents before they met them. Who knew cameras were around back then. You're calling them on the phone. “Who's this dancing with you?” “Where was this one taken?” “Is that your sister's first bicycle ride?” Before you know it, the pieces to your puzzle start coming together.
But time will pass and your memory will fade. And worse, 10, 20, 30 years from now, without having used a consistent and logical naming and captioning workflow, members of your family who inherited all of your hard work will have to start over – from almost the beginning!
How much will “Mom's Birthday 1.jpg” really tell someone who has never seen this photo before… or know anyone in it?
Because of this realization, I came up with a naming formula that is not only easy, but is logical. This means almost anyone can make sense of your work years from now without your physical involvement.
And not only will using it save you time and headache later when you access your master files, with this technique, you will be able to look at a file and know exactly what scanning software and settings were used to create them. But we'll get to that later.
My naming formula is made up of 3 separate but equally important parts:
Part 1 – Add the Photo's Shoot Date
When you take a photo with your cell phone or digital camera, your image is almost always saved with an extra bit of useful technical information such as the model of camera, the focal length, the f-stop used to create your photo etc. In addition, the shoot date (the day the photo was actually taken) and time of day the photo was taken is also preserved in this (EXIF) metadata.
There's no better way of realizing how amazing this feature is than when you start scanning your non-digital photos and find out not only will you often not know the exact month and year (let alone day) these photos were taken back then, but it's completely your responsibility to make sure this shoot date is somehow attached to your new scan!
Your scanning software will add a date – yes. But this date is the date you scanned it, or the date you last modified it (re-saved it).
Create a Date Field in the Format of – YEAR – MONTH – DAY
It’s important when you create this date field to put the year first and not at the end. If you aren’t used to writing a date in this order, it’s going to feel a little strange at first. This is probably because it's not how you say dates out loud. For example we are used to saying “January first, two thousand nine” – not “two thousand nine, January first.”
The advantage of putting the year first is that no matter how many files you throw into a folder, you are guaranteed to be able to sort every single image chronologically by the shoot date.
Also, put the date field at the head of the filename. This approach is much better than putting it later because you will find being able to sort chronologically by date is far more useful later on than only being able to sort by the first word of your description – such as “Christmas” or “Birthday.”
So for example, using the above “arbitrary” (and unrecommended) naming system, here is how 4 photos saved with the shoot date added using three different methods will be listed in a folder when the name column is sorted by their filenames:
The methods in the first two examples are certainly a step up from just typing in a short description like “Grandma Sewing.” But, I'm confident you will benefit more from entering in the shoot exactly how I demonstrated above in the third example.
If you argue it’s better to put the date at the end of the filename because you would like to be able to sort by the event – the occasion in the photo such as “Moms Birthday,” I would then add that this is actually an added benefit to putting the date at the beginning because all of your photos from one event will most likely happen on the same day or two. So not only will date first naming give you get a chronological order sort, but you will also get the sort by event capability.
Add Zeros to Single Digit Numbers
A lot of us aren’t used to writing extra 0’s in dates – for example when writing the date when filling out a check. We probably just write “3-2-2010” or maybe even “3-2-10.” Fair enough.
But when you are filling in the shoot date for your photos filenames, it’s actually best to get in the habit of filling in these 0’s for the sole purpose of uniformity. It will make a much cleaner looking and easier to read column of information.
Use x’s for Unknown Numbers
If you haven't started scanning your collection yet, and you didn't really catch what I said before, let me be even clearer here. More than likely you will have a lot of photos in your collection that don't have the date the photo was taken identified anywhere on the print, negative or slide. And worse, you may have no idea how to begin figuring them out.
Lucky for me, through the years, my Mom has written a lot of information on the back of most of our paper prints. Sometimes she wrote out the full date – month, day and year. Other times it's “Fall 1974” or “Christmas 1975.” And then there are ones where she wrote much less, “1975” or “Easter.”
So in order to solve this problem, what I decided to do was add a lower case “x” where I wasn’t sure of a number. Doing this will allow you to sort and organize the master files as best as you can while you are in the “investigative phase” of this particular image. What's important is to get as much of the date into the filename as you can as soon as possible.
When you find out additional numbers later, you can always modify the filename – even if it’s being managed inside an image manager like Picasa or iPhoto.
Here is how you would deal with the various date information commonly found written on the back of your photos:
|Date Info Found||Enter This||Reason|
|Fall 1974||1974-xx-xx||Fall is in the later months of the year, but there is no way of knowing the month and day from just this bit of information.|
|Christmas 1975||1975-12-2x||You could put 25 instead of 2x, but “Christmas” could mean Christmas Eve or a couple days around it.|
|1975||1975-xx-xx||Since there is no month or day listed, this is all you can enter. It's possible something in the photo itself can give you a clue.|
|Easter||197x-xx-xx||Easter can happen anytime between March 22 and April 25th. But without knowing what year the photo was taken, there is no way of knowing which month and day. In the photo this example was taken from, I could tell I was only a few years old, so I know it was in the 1970's sometime.|
|January 1965||1965-01-xx||All I need to know now is what day the photo was taken.|
Don’t Guess on Numbers
This is a really important tip. If you aren’t almost 100% sure about the accuracy of a missing number, don’t guess and put a number you think is correct. Believe it or not, you will be far better off working with an “x” until you are sure than you will be with a number you guessed on.
You need to establish from the beginning that any information you type into the filenames of your master images are based on fact and not assumption.
For example, if you have narrowed down a set of photos to have been taken in either July or August of a particular year, it's not in your photos' best interest to guess August until you are completely sure it's not July. If you were to type in August now and next year you revisit this file, you will assume it's a fact this photo was taken in August because more than likely you won't remember your uncertainty.
You might allow yourself some exceptions here and there. You will have to decide how far you will allow yourself to stray.
For example, I have a lot of photographs in our collection from the 1960's and 70’s printed on 3.5x3.5” paper with white borders around them. Often a month and year is “burned” into the left hand border in a nice shade of aqua blue. This isn’t the date the photo was taken. It's actually the date the paper photo was printed.
Makes sense doesn't it? I mean how would the developer have known when each photo was taken when she was only just handed a roll of film?
I usually allow myself the liberty of using this date information in my filename because I know my Mom and she is not really a patient woman when it comes to “surprises.” If I mail her a Birthday card and it arrives in her mailbox a couple days early, it’s going to be opened almost immediately!
And she was the same way years ago. After a big event, if there were a few unexposed frames left on the roll in her camera, she would shoot pictures of the dogs sleeping around on the carpet so she could get the film off to the developer as soon as possible! If the photo was printed with the date “May 1976,” it was most likely shot in May of 1976.
So that's it! That's all there is to adding in the shoot date which makes up “part 1” of my naming formula.
In part 2 of this series, I'll be going over how to describe what's actually in the photo so someone unfamiliar with it or anyone in the shot will know all about it. Also I will explain why “Dad Fishing” or “Mom's Birthday 1” isn't an effective description for your filename.