What Everybody Ought to Know When Naming Your Scanned Photos – Part 1

by | Last updated May 17, 2017 | Scanning Photos, Featured Post | 55 comments

Photo Collage - menu item to save photo as Mom's Birthday 1??As my own scanned photo collection grows, it has really become obvious to me how thankful I am for the added attention I have been putting into the filenames I give to all of my scanned images.

When you're scanning, it’s really easy to get into a “robotic” mindset where you are just trying to scan as many photos as possible in a sitting. So when you get to that blank field each time that asks you to type in a name for the file, it's tempting to just quickly bang out a few descriptive words with little thought to how useful they will be to anyone later.

Even if you plan on only visually organizing your collection in an image manager like Picasa or iPhoto, you don't want to ignore this root level of identification. You will reference them more than you may think.

 

Filenames are “Descriptive Tattoos”

I would like you to think of the filename like a permanent “descriptive tattoo” that will always ride along and identify the origin and story of the image. It's kind of like those tiny rice-sized microchips veterinarians inject into dogs and cats to identify them in case they are found without a tagged collar. Or maybe you can think of it like when a baby is born. The baby's foot prints and the parent's fingerprints are immediately pressed onto an official birth certificate along with the day's date and everyone's full names to permanently record who he or she is in this big scary world.

I think it's a surprise for people when they find out scanning their entire photo collection is less about being a technical chore as it is a time of investigation and discovery. You start out digitizing photos you are familiar with. You know everything about them because not only are you in the photos, but you were there!

Soon you're scanning photos of your parents before they met you. They dated other people? Then you're on to their parents before they met them. Who knew cameras were around back then. You're calling them on the phone. “Who's this dancing with you?” “Where was this one taken?” “Is that your sister's first bicycle ride?” Before you know it, the pieces to your puzzle start coming together.

But time will pass and your memory will fade. And worse, 10, 20, 30 years from now, without having used a consistent and logical naming and captioning workflow, members of your family who inherited all of your hard work will have to start over – from almost the beginning!

How much will “Mom's Birthday 1.jpg” really tell someone who has never seen this photo before… or know anyone in it?

Because of this realization, I came up with a naming formula that is not only easy, but is logical. This means almost anyone can make sense of your work years from now without your physical involvement.

And not only will using it save you time and headache later when you access your master files, with this technique, you will be able to look at a file and know exactly what scanning software and settings were used to create them. But we'll get to that later.

My naming formula is made up of 3 separate but equally important parts:

Graphic - My 3-part formula for correctly naming your scanned photos

 

Part 1 –  Add the Photo's Shoot Date

When you take a photo with your cell phone or digital camera, your image is almost always saved with an extra bit of useful technical information such as the model of camera, the focal length, the f-stop used to create your photo etc. In addition, the shoot date (the day the photo was actually taken) and time of day the photo was taken is also preserved in this (EXIF) metadata.

There's no better way of realizing how amazing this feature is than when you start scanning your non-digital photos and find out not only will you often not know the exact month and year (let alone day) these photos were taken back then, but it's completely your responsibility to make sure this shoot date is somehow attached to your new scan!

Your scanning software will add a date – yes. But this date is the date you scanned it, or the date you last modified it (re-saved it).

Create a Date Field in the Format of  – YEAR – MONTH – DAY

It’s important when you create this date field to put the year first and not at the end. If you aren’t used to writing a date in this order, it’s going to feel a little strange at first. This is probably because it's not how you say dates out loud. For example we are used to saying “January first, two thousand nine” – not “two thousand nine, January first.”

The advantage of putting the year first is that no matter how many files you throw into a folder, you are guaranteed to be able to sort every single image chronologically by the shoot date.

Also, put the date field at the head of the filename. This approach is much better than putting it later because you will find being able to sort chronologically by date is far more useful later on than only being able to sort by the first word of your description – such as “Christmas” or “Birthday.”

So for example, using the above “arbitrary” (and unrecommended) naming system, here is how 4 photos saved with the shoot date added using three different methods will be listed in a folder when the name column is sorted by their filenames:

Graphic: Folder with scanned photos named the wrong way for chronological sorting

Graphic: Folder of scanned photos named in the best way to sort chronologically.

The methods in the first two examples are certainly a step up from just typing in a short description like “Grandma Sewing.” But, I'm confident you will benefit more from entering in the shoot exactly how I demonstrated above in the third example.

If you argue it’s better to put the date at the end of the filename because you would like to be able to sort by the event – the occasion in the photo such as “Moms Birthday,” I would then add that this is actually an added benefit to putting the date at the beginning because all of your photos from one event will most likely happen on the same day or two. So not only will date first naming give you get a chronological order sort, but you will also get the sort by event capability.

Add Zeros to Single Digit Numbers

A lot of us aren’t used to writing extra 0’s in dates – for example when writing the date when filling out a check. We probably just write “3-2-2010” or maybe even “3-2-10.” Fair enough.

But when you are filling in the shoot date for your photos filenames, it’s actually best to get in the habit of filling in these 0’s for the sole purpose of uniformity. It will make a much cleaner looking and easier to read column of information.

Graphic: Folders of scanned photos using zeros added to dates correctly and incorrectly

 

Use x’s for Unknown Numbers

If you haven't started scanning your collection yet, and you didn't really catch what I said before, let me be even clearer here. More than likely you will have a lot of photos in your collection that don't have the date the photo was taken identified anywhere on the print, negative or slide. And worse, you may have no idea how to begin figuring them out.

Lucky for me, through the years, my Mom has written a lot of information on the back of most of our paper prints. Sometimes she wrote out the full date – month, day and year. Other times it's “Fall 1974” or “Christmas 1975.” And then there are ones where she wrote much less, “1975” or “Easter.”

The back of two scanned photos showing handwritten shoot date information - "1972" and "January 23"

So in order to solve this problem, what I decided to do was add a lower case “x” where I wasn’t sure of a number. Doing this will allow you to sort and organize the master files as best as you can while you are in the “investigative phase” of this particular image. What's important is to get as much of the date into the filename as you can as soon as possible.

When you find out additional numbers later, you can always modify the filename – even if it’s being managed inside an image manager like Picasa or iPhoto.

Here is how you would deal with the various date information commonly found written on the back of your photos:

Date Info Found Enter This Reason
Fall 1974 1974-xx-xx Fall is in the later months of the year, but there is no way of knowing the month and day from just this bit of information.
Christmas 1975 1975-12-2x You could put 25 instead of 2x, but “Christmas” could mean Christmas Eve or a couple days around it.
1975 1975-xx-xx Since there is no month or day listed, this is all you can enter. It's possible something in the photo itself can give you a clue.
Easter 197x-xx-xx Easter can happen anytime between March 22 and April 25th. But without knowing what year the photo was taken, there is no way of knowing which month and day. In the photo this example was taken from, I could tell I was only a few years old, so I know it was in the 1970's sometime.
January 1965 1965-01-xx All I need to know now is what day the photo was taken.

 

Don’t Guess on Numbers

This is a really important tip. If you aren’t almost 100% sure about the accuracy of a missing number, don’t guess and put a number you think is correct. Believe it or not, you will be far better off working with an “x” until you are sure than you will be with a number you guessed on.

Why?

You need to establish from the beginning that any information you type into the filenames of your master images are based on fact and not assumption.

For example, if you have narrowed down a set of photos to have been taken in either July or August of a particular year, it's not in your photos' best interest to guess August until you are completely sure it's not July. If you were to type in August now and next year you revisit this file, you will assume it's a fact this photo was taken in August because more than likely you won't remember your uncertainty.

You might allow yourself some exceptions here and there. You will have to decide how far you will allow yourself to stray.

Scanned photo border showing magnified portion with Jan 73 printed on itFor example, I have a lot of photographs in our collection from the 1960's and 70’s printed on 3.5×3.5” paper with white borders around them. Often a month and year is “burned” into the left hand border in a nice shade of aqua blue. This isn’t the date the photo was taken. It's actually the date the paper photo was printed.

Makes sense doesn't it? I mean how would the developer have known when each photo was taken when she was only just handed a roll of film?

I usually allow myself the liberty of using this date information in my filename because I know my Mom and she is not really a patient woman when it comes to “surprises.” If I mail her a Birthday card and it arrives in her mailbox a couple days early, it’s going to be opened almost immediately!

And she was the same way years ago. After a big event, if there were a few unexposed frames left on the roll in her camera, she would shoot pictures of the dogs sleeping around on the carpet so she could get the film off to the developer as soon as possible! If the photo was printed with the date “May 1976,” it was most likely shot in May of 1976.

So that's it! That's all there is to adding in the shoot date which makes up “part 1” of my naming formula.

In part 2 of this series, I'll be going over how to describe what's actually in the photo so someone unfamiliar with it or anyone in the shot will know all about it. Also I will explain why “Dad Fishing” or “Mom's Birthday 1” isn't an effective description for your filename.

Navigate to

Are You Ready to Get Serious With Your Photo Collection?

Join 10,280+ people enjoying the exclusive newsletter, tutorials, occasional blog updates, and tips and tricks you won't find anywhere else on this website sent right to your inbox.

Are You Ready to Get Serious With Your Photo Collection?

Join 10,280+ people enjoying the exclusive newsletter, tutorials, occasional blog updates, and tips and tricks you won't find anywhere else on this website sent right to your inbox.

Popular Posts

Epson Scan 2 — Will It Work With My Scanner?
Epson Scan 2 — Will It Work With My Scanner?

Epson quietly released a new version of their popular scanning software “Epson Scan” that comes bundled with their document and flatbed photo scanners. But, there’s already been confusion as to which scanners and operating systems it supports. Could it be possible that “Epson Scan 2” won’t even run in the latest versions of Microsoft Windows?

Epson V800 vs V850 — The 5 Differences and Which You Should Buy
Epson V800 vs V850 — The 5 Differences and Which You Should Buy

So you’re ready to buy a very high-quality flatbed scanner to digitize your analog prints and film, but now you’re having a hard time deciding between the Epson Perfection V800 Photo and the Epson Perfection V850 Pro Photo Scanners.

Whether you or an avid hobby photographer, a true professional, or just want to get all the quality you can out of your prints and film, either one of these models is going to give you exceptional results. But, I want to help you feel confident you’re going to make the right choice.

Below, in plain English that will make it very easy to understand, I’ve written out and explained in detail, the 5 differences between the two models.

Are 99.9% of Your Photographs Just Not Important Enough To Save?
Are 99.9% of Your Photographs Just Not Important Enough To Save?

If this was your entire photo collection sitting in this trash can in the photo above, would this make you actually feel relief … or utter panic?

What if I added to this scenario. What if to the best of your knowledge, all of your photos sitting in the trash were already scanned and safely backed up on a couple of your hard drives.

Do you now feel relieved … or still utterly panicked?

From everyone I have talked to about this scenario, it seems safe for me to say that I believe the world is in somewhat of a divide whether it’s actually okay to throw away your prints and slides once they have been scanned and digitally preserved.

And for some, hopefully not too many, I am sure they would say it’s okay to throw away many if not most photos before they were scanned and preserved.

Yes. You heard me.

If You Don’t Add This to the Filename of Your Scanned Photos, You’ll Probably Hate Yourself Later
If You Don’t Add This to the Filename of Your Scanned Photos, You’ll Probably Hate Yourself Later

Whether you keep all of your scanned master (original) image files in folders on a hard drive, or you allow an image manager like Picasa, iPhoto or Aperture to manage them inside a library file, you will still be required to give each photo a filename.

It could be as simple and non-descriptive as “photo-1.jpg” or maybe even simple yet somewhat descriptive like “mom at the beach 1984.tif”.

But, it’s actually a very important part of the process of scanning photos, that if done with a little bit of forethought, can save you a lot of time and headache later.

My Inspiring Photo Scanning Progress Report for April 2012
My Inspiring Photo Scanning Progress Report for April 2012

Welcome to my third monthly progress report!

Last month I covered two complete months of scanning, but I learned that was just too much to talk about!

So this time is only one month and it’ll be a lot shorter.

What This Progress Report Is Really About:

Every month, I am posting a detailed report — just like this one — sharing with you how far I have come with my goal to scan and restore my entire 10,000+ family photo collection.

By doing so, I hope to inspire you to do the same!

In my first progress report, I set a goal for myself to do a little bit of work on my collection every single day. I shoot for about an hour a day which turns out to be about 30 scans a day. And I am going to record and detail each one of them so that you can learn from my transparency.

I don’t want to be “that guy” — a guy that tells you how you should scan your own photos but then sends all of my own to a scanning service to do the work for me.

How Quickly You Could Scan Your Entire Photo Collection — What I Discovered From My First Week of Scanning
How Quickly You Could Scan Your Entire Photo Collection — What I Discovered From My First Week of Scanning

So you have a closet with boxes full of old prints and slides that you are dying to have scanned and neatly organized on your computer.

The problem is, you’re worried about it either costing you way too much money to send it to a scanning service, or taking too much of your precious free time to scan them yourself on a flatbed scanner.

Does this sound EXACTLY like your dilemma?

I’d like to share with you my experience back scanning photos for the first week. If you want to make scanning your own photos fit into your busy and hectic life, I think my experience here might give you an idea how much time will be involved and how many photos you can easily get through.

The Best Way to Add a Description (Caption) to Your Scanned Photos
The Best Way to Add a Description (Caption) to Your Scanned Photos

Ah, there’s nothing quite like reading a great caption to go along with a special photograph. Sometimes they’re so effective, they just seal the emotional experience of being there—as if you were right there when that photograph was taken—even if you weren’t!

I think it’s so important that you record these “priceless” descriptions as soon as you can. Some of us might think we can remember all of the details. But face it, you probably won’t be able to. They’re fleeting. And even if you could, you and your memory aren’t going to be on this earth forever.

With prints, it was easy to record this information by writing the stories by hand on the back. But, now that we are wishing to move our prints, slides and negatives to a digital form in our computer, how do we easily add this information so that it can live with each master image file?

Use 1 of These Photo Managers If You Care About Your Photo Collection
Use 1 of These Photo Managers If You Care About Your Photo Collection

It was seriously a life changing day when I discovered the magic of a “non-destructive” photo managing program.

With “non-destructive” editing, all of the edits (enhancements) you make to your photographs are managed by the program itself. Your original photo remains untouched. It’s like having a guardian angel that protects your master images at all costs. It’s brilliant and is 100% absolutely indispensable to me now.

The DPI You Should Be Scanning Your Paper Photographs
The DPI You Should Be Scanning Your Paper Photographs

One of the most important decisions you face when scanning anything with your scanner is choosing what dpi (“dots per inch”) to scan with. And specifically for this post, what is the best dpi to use when scanning and archiving your 8×10″ and smaller paper photographic prints – which for most people, make up the majority of our pre-digital collection.

Making this decision was very challenging for me and certainly a huge part of my 8 year delay. The reason for this is that dpi is the critical variable in a fairly simple mathematical equation that will determine several important outcomes for your digital images.

The Top 13 Reasons Why You Should Already Be Scanning Your Photo Collection
The Top 13 Reasons Why You Should Already Be Scanning Your Photo Collection

“I’ll get to it someday.” “Maybe when I get around to buying a decent scanner.” “It’s just too much work.” “I’ll make one of my kids do it. They know that ‘tech’ stuff – I don’t.”

Those are just a few reasons why your irreplaceable paper and film photograph collections are probably in jeopardy of being no more – just a distant memory. You see, there are forces greater than your lack of will power hurting your chances of having an everlasting collection to pass on to future generations.

Related Posts

How I’m Bringing Order to Chaos By Scanning and Organizing My Photo Collection

How I’m Bringing Order to Chaos By Scanning and Organizing My Photo Collection

I have always held onto things that memorialized moments of my life. Ever since I was a little kid, I would make sure to carefully store my grade school class pictures or baseball team pictures. They were important to me then and I knew that I should keep them safe. It took a few years for me to realize what service I had done myself by not letting these precious items get lost or thrown away. They are utterly priceless to me now.

Epson Scan 2 — Will It Work With My Scanner?

Epson Scan 2 — Will It Work With My Scanner?

Epson quietly released a new version of their popular scanning software “Epson Scan” that comes bundled with their document and flatbed photo scanners. But, there’s already been confusion as to which scanners and operating systems it supports. Could it be possible that “Epson Scan 2” won’t even run in the latest versions of Microsoft Windows?

Aiming for the Stars to Hit a Cowpie — My Enlightening Scanning Journey

Aiming for the Stars to Hit a Cowpie — My Enlightening Scanning Journey

As a Wyoming farm gal, I was raised with the phrase “It’s better to aim for the stars and miss than to aim for a cowpie and hit.” Well, that’s great advice … unless your goal actually is to hit the cowpie.

My scanning goal really was that simple, but for some reason, aiming at the cowpie just wasn’t working. So I changed strategies and aimed for the stars. The result? Read on to find out. And hopefully, by sharing my scanning journey, it will help you on your scanning journey.

Leave a Comment Below

Subscribe by email to new comments without commenting
Notify of
guest

55 Comments
newest
oldest most voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments